Primary data is the original data collected for a specific purpose by or for an investigator. Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Emergency Response Epidemiology Team (2020) [The epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) in China]. Download Citation | Epidemiology and Clinical Characteristics of COVID-19 | Since December 2019, there has been an outbreak of a novel coronavirus (COVID-19) infection in Wuhan, China. Epidemiology is derived from the word epidemic (epi=among; demos=people; logos=study), which is a very old word dating back to 3 rd century B.C. Descriptive epidemiology 1. Department of Infectious Disease, Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, Shandong, China . 1. And all were exposed to water from the Broad Street pump. The most commonly isolated bacteria were E coli and K pneumoniae. The place of occurrence can be defined by natural or political boundaries, and can also include such variables as location of residence… Author information: (1)Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kandang Kerbau Children's Hospital, Singapore. Characteristics of genetic epidemiology and genetic models for vitiligo. The 300 reviews were published in 132 journals, with most journals publishing only one SR indexed during the month although three journals each published four or more SRs . The slightest detail can provide clues as to what's causing a disease and the best treatment to prescribe or the best way to prevent future occurrences. physical therapy, mathematics and biostatistics – quantitative methods history – historical accounts of disease sociology – social determinants of disease demography and geography – population structures and location of disease outbreaks behavioral sciences – models of disease, design of health promotion programs law – legal bases for health policy, refers to epidemiological studies concerned with characterizing the amount and distribution of health and disease within a population the 4 w’s: what = health issue of concern, case definition who = person where = place when = time aim to delineate the patters and manner in which disease occurs in populations -focused on the development of hypotheses, examines causal (etiologic) hypotheses regarding the association between exposures and health conditions -key feature is a comparison group –the 5th W – why/how = causes, risk factors, models of transmission, -naturally occurring circumstances in which subsets of the population have different levels of exposure to a supposed causal factor in a situation resembling an actual experiment, where human subjects would be randomly allocated to groups -things that happened and can then be used -laws or policy – flouridated water, CA law requiring hands-free driving -other events – bombing, ecoli breakout, investigator records whether each study participant is exposed or not then tracks the participants to see if they develop the disease of interest, investigators start by enrolling a group of people with a disease, then enrolls a group of people without the disease and compares previous exposures between the 2 groups, a sample of persons from a population is enrolled and their exposures and health outcomes are measured simultaneously -tends to assess the presence of the health outcome without regard to duration, units of analysis are populations or groups rather than individuals, investigator determines through a controlled process, the exposure for each individual (CLINICAL TRIAL) or community (COMMUNITY TRIAL) then tracks over time to detect the effects of the exposure, -a physician who became known as the father of medicine and the first epidemiologist -attempted to describe disease from a rational basis instead of a supernatural explanation -he observed that different diseases occurred in different locations —-he noted that malaria and yellow fever most commonly occurred in swampy areas -he also introduced terms like epidemic and endemic, -thought to be an epidemic of bubonic plague, a bacterial disease cause by infection with yersinia pestis, transmitted via flea bites (from rodents to people via flea bites) -claimed up to one-third of population of europe (20 to 30 million out of 100 million) -characterized by: swollen lymph nodes, fever, appearance of black splotches on the skin, one of the founders of the field of toxicology -discipline that is used to examine the toxic effects of chemicals found in environmental venues -the dose-response relationship: effects of a poison are related to the strength of its dose —threshold on curve: concentration at which you see first response -notion of target organ specificity of chemicals, using the “bills of mortality” in london, he systematically recorded age, sex, who died, of what, where they died, and when -recorded how many persons a year died of what kind of event or disease -developed and calculated life tables and life expectancy -divided deaths into two types of causes 1. acute (struck suddenly – e.g. Dr. Henderson directed the World Health Organization's global smallpox eradication campaign (1966-1977) and helped initiate WHO's global program of immunization in 1974. Epidemiology, branch of medical science that studies the distribution of disease in human populations and the factors determining that distribution, chiefly by the use of statistics.Unlike other medical disciplines, epidemiology concerns itself with groups of people rather than individual patients and is frequently retrospective, or historical, in nature. Epidemiology is the study of the emergence, distribution and control of disease, disability and death among groups of people. In these situations, it is important for the epidemiologist to be socially pleasant and aware in order to effectively elicit the information he needs. They need to be able to communicate with coworkers, the agency they serve, other agencies working on current projects and individuals they find themselves interviewing. Epidemiology, clinical characteristics and outcomes of BSIs were recorded. It presents the latest status of the 2019-nCoV infection in China and adds details on combined bacterial and fungal infections. Epidemiologists usually have bachelor's degrees in a science (such as biology), though they may also have a degrees in the health sciences, math or social sciences. Epidemiology of intensive care unit cardiac arrest: Characteristics, comorbidities, and post-cardiac arrest organ failure - A prospective observational study. Epidemiology, symptoms, and treatment characteristics of hyponatremic psychiatric inpatients. doi: 10.1002/jmv.26424. The aims of this study were to investigate the HPeV infection prevalence in infants <1 month in Spain and, secondly, to analyse the … This combination of skills and characteristics results in epidemiologists being well suited to employment with universities, governmental agencies, international organizations and private corporations. Epidemiology is the study of how frequently disease occurs in a population and why this is so. Information recorded included demographic data, medical history, exposure history, underlying comorbidities, laboratory findings, X-rays and chest computed tomography (CT) scans. Su-fen Zhang, Jiu-ling Tuo, Xu-bin Huang, Xun Zhu, Ding-mei Zhang, Kai Zhou, … OBJECTIVE: To identify the epidemiological characteristics and transmission patterns of pediatric patients with the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in China. EPIDEMIOLOGYEPIDEMIOLOGY (CONCEPTS)(CONCEPTS) 2. Epidemiology has its limits at the point where an inference is made that the relationship between an agent and a disease is causal (general causation) and where the magnitude of excess risk … Su-fen Zhang, Jiu-ling Tuo, Xu-bin Huang, Xun Zhu, Ding-mei Zhang, Kai Zhou, … 2. cholera) 2. chronic (lasted over a long period of time – e.g. Determinant: any factor, whether event, characteristic, or other definable entity, that brings about a change in a health condition or other defined characteristic. 2006 Jul;19(4):395-9. METHODS: Nationwide case series of 2135 pediatric patients with COVID-19 reported to the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention from January 16, 2020, to February 8, 2020, were included. DEFINING CHARACTERISTICS OF EPIDEMIOLOGY & EPIDEMIOLGISTS. CLASSIFICATION OF EPIDEMIOLOGIC METHODS Epidemiologic methods Observational studies Descriptive studies Analytical studies Ecological Cross sectional Case control cohort Experimental or Interventional studies Randomized controlled trials Field trials Community trials 2 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0239258. It is essential that epidemiologists have good communication skills. Kato I (Division of Epidemiology, Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute, 1-1, Kanokoden, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464, Japan), Tominaga S and Suzuki T. Cha ... Clinical characteristics. To perform their job, epidemiologists must be highly trained in math and the biological and health sciences. The study describes the distribution of a set of variables, without regard to causal or other hypotheses. This combination of skills and characteristics results in epidemiologists being well suited … During a four-year period, 113 BSIs were recorded. [24,27,30,35–42] Table 1: Characteristics of the eligible studies. Descriptive epidemiology uses observational studies of the distribution of disease in terms of person, place, and time. Epidemiology has grown rapidly during the past three decades. A strong background in chemistry and English is also helpful, as is developing characteristics suited to this career. Influenza C virus (ICV) is a common yet under-recognized cause of acute respiratory illness. It is also not uncommon for epidemiologists to make reports to the media and the public. Epidemiology of COVID‐19: A systematic review and meta‐analysis of clinical characteristics, risk factors, and outcomes. This question, sometimes referred to as specific causation, is beyond the domain of the science of epidemiology. In 2010, 46 BERD units were surveyed; in 2011, 55; in 2012, 60; and in 2013, 61. Characteristics of the SEER Population Compared with the Total United States Population. Geographic distribution, epidemiology, and variety of C. neoformans. Epidemiology, baseline characteristics and risk of progression in the first South-Asian prospective longitudinal observational IgA nephropathy cohort Author links open overlay panel Suceena Alexander MD, DM (Nephrology), FASN Santosh Varughese Rajanbabu Franklin Sanjeet Roy Grace Rebekah Vinoi George David Anjali Mohapatra Anna T. Valson Shibu Jacob Pradeep Mathew Koshy … The Epidemiological Characteristics of an Outbreak of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Diseases (COVID-19) — China, 2020 The Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Emergency Response Epidemiology Team Abstract Background: An outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China has spread quickly nationwide. Genetic Profiles and Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns of Salmonella Infantis Strains Isolated in Italy in the Food Chain of Broiler Meat Production In this review, we summarize the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of ICV. Marguerite Lance has been a professional writer for seven years and has written for museums, hospitals, non-profit agencies, governmental agencies and telecommunication companies. BMC Infect Dis. Authors: Xiaoyi Huang. We performed a retrospective in-depth analysis of hyponatremia cases in a large unselected population of psychiatric inpatients. Kevin Roedl, Dominik Jarczak, Rasmus Blohm, Sarah Winterland, Jakob Müller, Valentin Fuhrmann, Dirk Westermann, Gerold Söffker, Stefan Kluge . Rarely, prior introducing the readership main study designs, textbooks on epidemiological methods are discussing about different features/characteristics of epidemiological studies. In 2010, 46 BERD units were surveyed; in 2011, 55; in 2012, 60; and in 2013, 61. Epidemiologists must be organized. Molecular epidemiology and characteristic of virulence gene of community-acquired and hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in Sun … Jie Li MD. Epidemiology 1. Epidemiology, symptoms, and treatment characteristics of hyponatremic psychiatric inpatients. We determined the mediating effect of community characteristics on the association between region (Sepsis Cluster and Sepsis Belt) and the odds of sepsis and case fatality using PROCESS—a statistical macro developed by Hayes (2013) for mediation analysis. Epidemiology and Clinical Characteristics of COVID-19 Xiaoyi Huang 1 , Fengxiang Wei 2 , Liang Hu 2 , Lijuan Wen 2 , Ken Chen 1 * 1 School of Nursing, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, 283 Jianghai Avenue, Haizhu District, Guangzhou, China 2 Shenzhen Longgang District Maternity & Child Healthcare Hospital of Shenzhen City, Shenzhen 518172, China Recent findings Elite controllers are defined by the ability to … Lange-Asschenfeldt C(1), Kojda G, Cordes J, Hellen F, Gillmann A, Grohmann R, Supprian T. We determined pooled estimates for clinical characteristics and outcomes in COVID-19 patients including subgroups by disease severity (based on World Health Organiza … Epidemiology of COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical characteristics, risk factors, and outcomes J Med Virol. BSIs were community-acquired in 76% of patients, hospital-acquired in 12% and health care-associated in 12%. The 300 reviews were published in 132 journals, with most journals publishing only one SR indexed during the month although three journals each published four or more SRs . "Epidemiology is concerned with the incidence of disease in populations and does not address the question of the cause of an individual's disease. Of them, 42% occurred in male patients; patients’ mean age was 80 years. … This image shows the Broad Street pump. 1. 3.3 Epidemiology and causes of traumatic head and brain injuries. Between keeping track of numerous details relating to health and disease, interpreting and analyzing data, managing projects, working with a variety of individuals and agencies, creating solutions and making reports on their findings, the epidemiologist's average week is a very busy one. During a four-year period, 113 BSIs were recorded. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and to analyse the epidemiological features of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients during convalescence. By the end of the outbreak, more than 600 people had died from cholera. A strong background in chemistry and English is also helpful, as is developing characteristics suited to this career. The molecular epidemiology and resistance mechanisms of the antimicrobial strains in China exhibited regional specificity, as well as the influence of dissemination of international clonal complexes. Characteristics of foodborne outbreaks in which use of analytical epidemiological studies contributed to identification of suspected vehicles, European Union, 2007 to 2011 - Volume 145 Issue 6 - K. M. SCHLINKMANN, O. RAZUM, D. WERBER This course covers basic epidemiology principles, concepts, and procedures useful in the surveillance and investigation of health-related states or events. Sciences, Kerman, Iran and 5Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute for Global Health Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA Abstract Our understanding of the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to evolve and there are many unknowns about its epidemiology. BackgroundSome members of the Pseudallescheria (anamorph Scedosporium) have emerged as an Cryptococcosis was diagnosed by isolation of C. neoformans in 317 (89.3%) episodes, detection of cryptococcal antigen in serum and/or CSF in 28 cases (18 patients had AIDS), and histologic examination in 10 cases (9 pulmonary and 1 cerebral infection). Epidemiology of COVID‐19: A systematic review and meta‐analysis of clinical characteristics, risk factors, and outcomes Jie Li MD Department of Infectious Disease, Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, Shandong, China ational Science Award (CTSA) Consortium. Nevertheless, in order to become a successful epidemiologist, it is important to carry the majority of these five characteristics. DESCRIPTIVE EPIDEMIOLOGY -Reshma Ann Mathew1 2. 20–22 As all community characteristics may serve as equivalent mediators, 24 we chose to fit four parallel logistic … Related Resources: Top 10 Master’s in Epidemiology Degrees Online; Top 10 Master’s in Public Health Degree Online; 10 Best MPH Programs Not Requiring GRE; 10 Most Affordable MPH Programs Not Requiring GRE Epidemiologists must be educated. Results Response rates to the 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013 surveys were 93.5%, 98.2%, 98.3%, and 86.9%, respectively. 32920114. Fengxiang Wei. Epidemiology, branch of medical science that studies the distribution of disease in human populations and the factors determining that distribution, chiefly by the use of statistics.Unlike other medical disciplines, epidemiology concerns itself with groups of people rather than individual patients and is frequently retrospective, or historical, in nature. Zhang XJ(1), Liu JB, Gui JP, Li M, Xiong QG, Wu HB, Li JX, Yang S, Wang HY, Gao M, ... purpose was to explore potential genetic models for different phenotypes of vitiligo and analyze genetic epidemiologic characteristics of vitiligo in a … Epidemiology: WHO recorded Polio cases have decreased by over 99% since 1988, from an estimated 350 000 cases in more than 125 endemic countries then, to 37 reported cases in 2016. The epidemiology and characteristics of stalking. Epidemiologists must be analytical. Epidemiology and Clinical Characteristics of COVID-19. Epidemiologists... are variable lovers. Cerebral CT scans revealed … Epidemiology - Epidemiology - Sources of epidemiological data: Epidemiologists use primary and secondary data sources to calculate rates and conduct studies. Lance received a Bachelor of Arts in biological anthropology from Idaho State University. To perform their job, epidemiologists must be highly trained in math and the biological and health sciences. ational Science Award (CTSA) Consortium. ICV seropositivity has been found to be as high as 90% by 7–10 years of age, suggesting that most people are exposed to ICV at least once during childhood. Removing the pump handle was a control … April 2020; Archives of Iranian medicine 23(4):268-271; DOI: 10.34172/aim.2020.09. Her specialties include nutrition, dietetics and women's and children's health issues. Epidemiology Second Edition Written by RICHARD C. DICKER Selected Lessons Lesson 1: Introduction to Epidemiology Lesson 6: Investigating an Outbreak 12/92 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service Centers for Disease Control Epidemiology Program Office Public Health Practice Program Office Atlanta, Georgia 30333 . Epidemiology characteristics of human coronaviruses in patients with respiratory infection symptoms and phylogenetic analysis of HCoV-OC43 during 2010-2015 in Guangzhou. Hyponatremia is a common phenomenon in psychiatry occurring as an adverse effect to drugs or following polydipsia. Snow's work is often considered the beginning of epidemiology, the study of health outcomes in populations. Online ahead of print. Epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and radiological characteristics and outcomes data were obtained with data collection forms from electronic medical records. Thirty-day … Most reviews were published in journals with impact factors of five or less, although four SRs were published in journals with a high impact factor (>15). Epidemiology and clinical characteristics of viral infections in hospitalized children and adolescents with cancer in Lebanon PLoS One. They also must be able to write technical reports, scientific articles and grants. Poliovirus: Characteristics, Epidemiology, Serotypes, Mode of transmission, Pathogenesis, Clinical manifestation, laboratory diagnosis, Prevention and control Characteristics of Poliovirus. Resuscitation 2020, 156: 92-98. Epidemiologists must be able to analyze data from a variety of study types, such as cohort and case-control studies. The SEER population tends to have a higher proportion of foreign-born persons than the general U.S. population. Personal factors include age, gender, SES, educational level, ethnicity, and occupation. Epidemiology is the study of how frequently disease occurs in a population and why this is so. Today in France, more than 5% of the population suffers from chronic kidney disease and its prevalence is increasing. Epidemiology, clinical characteristics and antimicrobial resistance patterns of community-acquired pneumonia in 1702 hospitalized children in Singapore. Sciences, Kerman, Iran and 5Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute for Global Health Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA Abstract Our understanding of the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to evolve and there are many unknowns about its epidemiology. 2020 Sep 22;15(9):e0239258. The population covered by SEER is comparable to the general U.S. population with regard to measures of poverty and education. Human parechoviruses (HPeV) have been recently recognized as important viral agents in paediatric infections. They spend a significant amount of time counting incidence cases, studying trends and details of disease and injuries, and comparing the data they uncover with other data. Epidemiology and biological characteristics of male breast cancer in Italy. BSIs were community-acquired in 76% of patients, hospital-acquired in 12% and health care-associated in 12%. Las tasas de infección en niños y adolescentes varían según la ubicación geográfica: Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Emergency Response Epidemiology Team. INTRODUCTION: Epidemiology is the basic science of preventive and social medicine. The epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) in China [in Chinese]. Epidemiology - Epidemiology - Sources of epidemiological data: Epidemiologists use primary and secondary data sources to calculate rates and conduct studies. Some epidemiologists lecture on health and illness and provide educational materials for public use. We report the epidemiology, radiological characteristics, treatment, and clinical outcomes of these patients.
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